The recast of the Dublin Regulation is still on the agenda of the European Parliament these days. The Regulation establishes the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person.
The European Commission proposed at the beginning of this year a new algorithm for calculating the number of asylum seekers that each state is obliged to receive. As I have pointed out already in May, this proposal is very dangerous for Romania because, by applying the algorithm, the number of asylum seekers that the Romanian state should receive is disproportionately high compared to its current possibilities of registration and processing. If we make a calculation, for a number of entries across the EU, comparable to the one in 2015, Romania should have about 73,000 relocated people.
Moreover, what worries me most is that the Member States will be required to pay when they refuse to accept asylum seekers who have been allocated to them according to the allocation mechanism. The Commission considers this measure not as a “punishment”, but as a sign of solidarity and therefore proposes a solidarity contribution of EUR 250 000 to be paid for each unaccepted applicant.
Today, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament voted on the report regarding the amendment of the Dublin Regulation. The proposals made in this committee go further, suggesting that if a Member State fails to meet its obligations in the field of asylum, it will be sanctioned with the suspension / reduction of the European funds allocated.
As I have already said before, I believe that any initiative of solidarity between Member States must be voluntary and not imposed. It is unacceptable that at the budgetary review, voted on 4th of April, the European Parliament approved the reallocation of € 3.9 billion for migration, when we think that 119 million people (23.7% of the population) in Europe in 2015, were at risk of poverty.