Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, has recently published the “Eurostat regional yearbook”, where we can find many interesting facts about the regions of Europe. This statistical yearbook includes a wealth of statistics on population, education, health, economy, tourism, transport, agriculture etc. I have tried to extract some data related to Romania, which I you may find below.
- The life expectancy of a baby born in 2015 in the EU is 80.6 years. However, in many regions of Romania, life expectancy is estimated at 78 years.
- For the first time in 2015, at European level, there were more deaths than births.
- The rate of young people (aged 18-24) that were neither in employment nor in education or
training in 2016 was 15.2%, with a higher level 20% in Italy, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Croatia.
- At European level, the percentage of people aged between 30 and 34, graduating from university or postgraduate studies was 39.1% in 2016, with a minimum of 16.3% in the northeast of Romania.
- Regarding the increase in the number of jobs between 2006 and 2016, Romania saw a difference between the northern regions, which reported growth and the southern regions, which reported declines, except for the region of the capital.
- 33.1 million people were self-employed in the European Union in 2016, representing 14.8% of the total number of people employed. The regional distribution of self-employed varied greatly from one region to another, especially in Romania, where it had a relatively low level in the capital’s area and a high level in the northeast.
- The annual average earnings in EU member states were € 33.800 in 2014. Differences are very high from country to country, from € 5.800 in Bulgaria, € 6.700 in Romania, € 8.800 in Lithuania to € 46.000 in Ireland, € 55.200 Denmark or € 59.000 in Luxembourg.
- As regards agriculture, out of the 10.8 million farms in the EU, one third are in Romania (33.5%).
- At least half of the population of Bulgaria, Romania and Malta was at risk of poverty and social exclusion in 2015, especially the population in rural areas (in Romania the rural population was twice as exposed to the risk of poverty and social exclusion compared to the urban population).
- Romania, Croatia and Bulgaria were the only EU members in which the burden of housing costs was higher for the rural population than for people living in cities; these figures may reflect, among other things, the prevalence of subsistence farming, few employment opportunities, low employment rates for women and relatively large families in rural communities.
The full “Eurostat regional yearbook” can be found here: